Mobilize according to the development of the baby
At the moment we are going to catch a baby we start what we call mobilization. Initially each person develops his own way of taking it. Training because you were a mom or a dad will help you refine your own strategies. Everything is a matter of practice. But we want to offer you some guidelines to make it easier for you.
When they are so small that they cannot move on their own, there are multiple moments when we need to catch them:
- Go from lying face up to the side or face down in the crib
- Pick it up to feed it
- Grab it from the changing table and carry it in mom's arms
- Go from arms to stroller
- Go from mom's arms to her grandfather's, etc.
Transfers (catch baby) will be more passive the lower their psychomotor skills and the more assistance they will need from us. On the contrary, how much the more the baby develops, the more control he will have and this will mean a more transfer active meanwhile. It is necessary to take time for the baby to generate a response to our stimuli.
We must allow the baby to participate and collaborate in the transfersBecause this offers you the opportunity to train new motor strategies. There are cases of children hypo-stimulated in which a delay in their psychomotor development is observed, due to a lack of opportunities to put into practice their motor skills. The idea is to enhance the baby's autonomy and to improve his motor learning process. A good premise is:
"Do it all for them, but nothing in their place."
With the babies 0 and 3 months of life it must be borne in mind that they are not yet able to hold their head. In any mobilization, it is necessary to respect the flexed or “frog” shape of newborns. His spine is "C" shaped and his legs are flexed most of the time. Their motor skills are reduced to a minimum in the 1st month of life, so we will have to give them maximum help in transfers. One way to understand this is to empathize with the child's situation:
"What would you feel if your head weighed heavily on you and you couldn't control it, don't you still have good control over any limb and can't move voluntarily? »
Most common transfers in the world of babies.
Transfer from lying face up to face down
For flip the baby, that is, to go from stretched face up to sideways or face down; The best way to help them without doing everything is:
- Give you the boost from your pelvis. Our skillful hand on the pelvis to generate the initial momentum.
- Check that your legs are flexed towards the abdomen. The free hand will control the flexion of the legs.
- Your arms should remain stretched towards your head while we perform the transfer, to later accommodate them to the final position. Think that, if the arm on the side to which we want to turn it is not stretched towards your head, when you turn it, it will be trapped under the chest. In summary, for the mobilizations in the volteos:
With the passage of time, you will notice that each time it needs less momentum on your part to turn. It will gain autonomy to overcome gravity and be able to start the "croquette" on its own. Quite an achievement!
Transfer from lying down to holding you in your arms
To make the transfer from your bed to our arms it is important to prepare and notify you in advance. We can warn you with our words and with a change of light in the room, visual and auditory stimuli always help. But in these situations the most important stimuli for the baby will be proprioceptive.
The proprioceptive system of our body it has receptors in muscles, joints and ligaments. Its function is to detect the movement and position of each joint of our body. How do you think we know where our hand is even when we have our eyes closed? With a small maneuver we will cause your overall muscle tone to increase, which means that you will be more active in mobilization.
Try it out! If you follow these steps you will see their reaction 🙂
- preparation: We take hold of both hands and make a soft rattle minimally pulling towards us without his head coming off the mattress. A few seconds is enough for alert your proprioceptive system.
- We tip the baby to one side with the singing of our dominant or more skillful hand, while with the auxiliary hand we push his legs to the opposite sideor.
- Once we have the skillful palm of your hand under your back, we look with the fingers the back of his head. Those fingers are going to pick up the head and keep the "C" shape of the spine. (As the baby grows, it will be more difficult for us to control the head and back with one hand, but do not worry because after 2-3 months you will no longer need this support).
- Our helping hand will pass to the side of the baby's chest.
Remember that to carry the baby in your arms in the "crib" position, it is important to always carry it as close as possible to our body. With our elbows hooked to our thorax, to avoid unnecessary tension in the shoulder and cervical muscles.
Transfer from lying to sitting
When the baby is about 8-9 months old he will start to control his trunk, therefore he will tolerate the sitting position. At this stage, we often do the transfer from sitting to lying or vice versa (from lying to sitting). To assist and stimulate you in your training, you can follow these steps from the lying on your back:
- Prepare and activate your muscle tone using the previously explained maneuver.
- We place one hand blocking and gently pressing the hip on the side to which we are going to rotate.
- We take your arm further away and gently pull to the side of the fixed hip and up, making your trunk rotate and stand up. The baby has to do abdominal work.
- The inertia baby will take his arm from the side to which we make him turn, to make a support with his hand on the floor. This will help give yourself the necessary impetus towards sitting.
To carry out the transfer in reverse, from sitting to lying down, you are supported by the support of your hands on the ground, on the same side. We can hold the opposite hip, to make it counterbalance and that it does not have the sensation of falling suddenly to the ground.
Inma also told us two very interesting things to keep in mind.
- At this time it is very easy making the mistake of picking up babies from the armpits when they are sitting, pulling up. This is harmful to the baby, because we crush the entire vascular and nervous package that passes through the armpits. Besides, it is not a pleasant thing for him. Much better if we bend down at the baby's level and catch him placing our hands around his chest, with the thumbs in front and the 4 fingers on his back. The direction of the pressure exerted should go into the baby, not up.
- If we accompany these transfers with the sound of the voice of mom and dad, toys and sounds that attract the baby's attention to where we want to mobilize it, we will enhance their collaboration in the movement to be carried out. It is very important to ask for their collaboration through play and to stimulate their participation. Motor learning is largely based on play, which creates ideal training.
And to finish solving possible doubts, pay attention that in a few days we will show you the videos so you can practice! 😉